Water Monday in Salamanca

It celebrates: 17th April
Place: Salamanca (Salamanca)
Category: Tradition
Popularity: (***) 3/5
Ideal for children
Organize: Salamanca City Council
Known start date: Since 1543, the year in which Philip II married in Salamanca.
Reading time: 4 minutes

How Lunes de Aguas is celebrated

The "Lunes de Aguas" is a deep-rooted tradition in Salamanca, and has already spread to many parts of the province. This celebration takes place on the Monday following Easter Sunday, and its origins date back to the 16th century.

It is a pagan festival as it has nothing to do with the Lenten season and is celebrated after the end of Holy Week. It is also the time when the people of Salamanca eat the hornazo.

Its origins are peculiar and it is worth stopping to scrutinise how mischievous history can sometimes be, as the reason for this festival is the celebration held by the large student community for the return of the prostitutes to the city.

Nowadays, people gather with friends and family to enjoy a picnic in the open air and spend a day of relaxation and fun in the countryside. One of the typical foods eaten on this festival is hornazo, a pie filled with chorizo, pork loin and boiled egg.

Origin and History of Lunes de Aguas

The Lunes de Aguas in Salamanca has its roots in the 16th century, when Prince Philip II arrived in the city to marry Princess Maria of Portugal (in 1543). During his stay, the prince observed the city's coexistence of scholarship and recreation, as Salamanca at that time had more than 8,000 students and a large number of people working around them.

Due to the many temptations that surrounded the students, Felipe II decided to enact ordinances requiring that prostitutes living in the Casa de Mancebía had to be taken out of the city during Lent to avoid the sin of lust. These women were brought back to the city on the first Monday after Easter by Father Putas, a character who guarded them during their stay outside the city.

On this day, the students celebrated the arrival of the prostitutes with a big party on the banks of the river Tormes, where they consumed hornazos, drinks and danced in decorated boats. Thus, Lunes de Aguas became a festivity that combined religious tradition with the celebration of the arrival of the prostitutes in the city.

Where to eat the hornazo on Lunes de Aguas?

The tradition is to eat it in the countryside or on the banks of the river Tormes. In any case, there are favourite places to eat it, where people tend to gather.

In Salamanca, the best places to eat hornazo are:

  • Near the Roman Bridge.
  • In the Aldehuela.
  • Along the riverside promenade.
  • In Salas Bajas.
  • In Huerta Otea.
  • In Würzburg Park.
  • On the Isla del Soto.
  • Valcuevo Park, very close to Salamanca on the Ledesma road.

The Hornazo

Its origins date back to the Middle Ages, when it was a common food among shepherds who spent long periods in the countryside, as it was nutritious and easy to preserve. Over time, it became a traditional dish in the region's festivals, such as Lunes de Aguas, and has remained to this day one of the most popular meals in the whole of Castile.

Recipe for hornazo from Salamanca


  • 400 ml. milk
  • 300 g. lard
  • 150 gr. of pressed yeast, also known as baker's yeast
  • 400 ml. of boiled olive oil
  • Flour, as much as you can take according to the preparation (approximately one and a half kilos)
  • 6 egg yolks
  • A pinch of salt

Filling, the quantities to be chosen by the person preparing the dish or by the diners

  • Boiled egg
  • Chorizo sausage
  • Serrano ham
  • Loin in fillets or stuffed


In a bowl, mix the milk, the oil (cold), and add the salt, dissolving it. Add the butter and knead until it softens. Then add the yeast, dissolving it very well because it is important that there are no lumps. Then add the egg yolks and continue mixing. Add as much flour as you can, but not too much so that the dough does not crack.

Once the dough is ready, it is time to divide it in 2 and roll each one out with a rolling pin until it is about 3mm thick. Enough to cover a tray of about 30×40 cm. Place the first layer on a baking tray, on top of it the filling in layers of materials and on top of that the second layer of dough. Close the edges tightly and brush the surface of the top layer with beaten egg. Prick it in several places with a fork so that air escapes during baking and there is no hollow inside.

Place the tray in a preheated oven at 210ºC for 45 to 50 minutes.

What to see in Salamanca

Salamanca is a city with an impressive wealth of monuments, as well as a great cultural and gastronomic offer. Some of the places not to be missed are the Plaza Mayor, the University, the New and Old Cathedral, the Casa de las Conchas, the Convent of San Esteban, the Clerecía, the Huerto de Calixto y Melibea, and the Barrio del Oeste, among others. You can also sample the local gastronomy in its bars and restaurants, try the Iberian ham, cheese, wine from the Toro Designation of Origin and, of course, the famous hornazo.

Upcoming festivals

Emérita Lúdica

From 20th May to 26th May
Mérida (Badajoz)
Emérita Lúdica
Discover the fascinating Roman world at Emérita Lúdica. Immerse yourself in historical reenactments, gladiator battles, Roman gastronomy, and cultural activities in Mérida. A unique experience filled with fun and knowledge.

Pilgrimage of the Virgin of Navahonda in Robledo de Chavela

From 21st May to 28th May
Robledo de Chavela (Madrid)
Discover the tradition of the Pilgrimage of the Virgin of Navahonda. Experience the excitement of carrying the image of the virgin in procession from her hermitage to the town church and enjoy the festivities, traditional dances, local cuisine, and much more.

Puertollano's Feast of the Holy Vow

From 24th May to 25th May
Puertollano (Ciudad Real)
Puertollano's Feast of the Holy Vow
Discover the centuries-old tradition of the Holy Vow in Puertollano. Enjoy the blessing of rolls, the cow parade, the bonfires, and the delicious sacred stew. Awards, medieval market, and a photography rally complete this unique experience.

May festivities in Aldeire

From 26th May to 28th May
Aldeire (Granada)
May festivities in Aldeire
At the end of May, Aldeire becomes a stage where Moors and Christians thank the patron saint of the town, the Virgin of the Rosary, for mediating between them.

Caballada of Atenzia

31st May
Atienza (Guadalajara)
Caballada of Atenzia
The Caballada of Atienza, is an ancient tradition that takes place in Atienza where every year, on the last Sunday of Pentecost, a pilgrimage is made to the chapel of 'La Señora de La Estrella'.

Festivals this weekend

The weirdest and strangest popular festivals

Festival Programs

Festival Programs

Festivals categories


Most searched

Older festivals

The San Fermines

From 6th July to 14th July
Pamplona/Iruña (Navarra)
Since XII century

Most recent festivals